What is the treatment for a multi-ligament knee injury?
Dr. Provencher will review a number of important factors, such as the patient’s age, medical history, and desired outcome, to design an individualized treatment plan.
If the injured ligaments sustained a minimal amount of damage, conservative therapies alone may be enough to alleviate symptoms. Pain and inflammation can be managed with a combination of RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs). When appropriate, a physical therapy program aimed at re-stabilizing the knee joint may be recommended by Dr. Provencher. It is important to note, however, that the knee ligaments lack their own blood supply, so conservative treatment options may only provide mild symptom relief.
In the event of moderate to severe ligament damage, or when conservative therapy is unsuccessful, surgical intervention is necessary to fully restore the knee joint. The surgical procedure for reconstructing multiple knee ligaments is tailored to the patient, the ligaments involved, and the injury complexity. Dr. Provencher may combine arthroscopic and open surgical approaches to complete the necessary revisions for a multi-ligament knee injury. The knee ligaments are reconstructed using tissue grafts, either from the patient (autograft) or donor tissue (allograft), to repair the damaged portions of the original ligaments. Surgical reconstruction of multiple knee ligaments is often time-sensitive to limit scar tissue formation and improve functional outcomes after surgery.