Knee Conditions

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Meniscus Deficiency

An Overview on a Torn Meniscus as a Meniscus Deficiency When individuals discuss an articular cartilage injury in the knee, many of them are referring to a torn meniscus. The meniscus is a “c” shaped cushion of cartilage found in the knee responsible for acting like a “shock absorber” between the thighbone (femur) and shinbone [...]

ACL Tear

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury and ACL Tear Overview The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the main ligaments of the knee joint and is responsible for preventing the tibia (shinbone) from sliding out in front of the femur (thighbone). An anterior cruciate ligament injury is quite common in the athletic population, especially athletes involved [...]

PCL Injury

PCL Injury Overview Located in the center of the knee joint, the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is responsible for helping the knee remain stable during normal everyday activities and sporting activities. The PCL prevents the tibia (shinbone) from sliding too far backwards and keeps the tibia and femur (thighbone) in alignment. The PCL is considered [...]

MCL Injury

MCL Injury Overview The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the four main ligaments found within the knee joint. The MCL begins at the end of the femur (thighbone) and extends to the top of the tibia (shinbone). Located on the inside of the knee, the ligament provides stability when the knee is [...]

Torn Ligaments in Knee

An Overview on Torn Ligaments in the Knee (Multi-Ligament Knee Injury) Four major ligaments compose the knee joint and maintain stability when a patient is performing any athletic activities. The four ligaments all work together to prevent unnatural, excessive motion between the tibia (shinbone) and the femur (thighbone). When one or more of these ligaments [...]

Meniscus Tear

Meniscus Tear Overview The menisci are critical to the structure of the knee joint, acting like cartilage and “shock absorbers” for the joint when it is in motion and put under stress. The small “c” shaped structures are located within the knee between the tibia (shinbone) and femur (thighbone). Each knee has two menisci, the [...]

Bow Legged & Knocked Knees

An Overview on Bow Legged & Knocked Knees A malalignment of the lower extremity includes two conditions known as bow legged and knocked knees. These conditions can be caused by a congenital deformity or the result of a past injury or meniscus deficiency. While many patients display a certain level of improper alignment, many [...]

Knee Cartilage Injury

Knee Cartilage Injury Overview Cartilage is found throughout the human body and lines the joints’ surfaces. The connective tissue is less rigid than bone but is stiff enough to help absorb stress when placed on the joint. Cartilage provides a smooth protective layer within the knee joint, covering the tibia (shinbone), femur (thighbone) and the [...]